What Exactly is an Ovarian Cyst?

If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst you are most likely wondering what exactly it is and how it can be treated. Ovarian cysts are actually very common in women of child-bearing years and most of them completely go away with no medical help. Although most cysts will go away on their own it is very useful to learn about what they are and what could potentially happen with them.

A cyst is a sac filled with fluid. When you have an ovarian cyst it just means that you have the cyst on one of your ovaries or inside your ovary. The ovaries play an important role in the woman’s reproductive system as they hold the eggs that are released every month that can lead to a developing baby.

There are different types of cysts and some of them are more dangerous than others.

The least dangerous and most common forms of ovarian cysts are functional cysts, which happen during certain times in a woman’s menstrual cycle. These cysts form either when an egg is about to be released or right after an egg is released by the ovary. For some reason the sac that releases the egg doesn’t dissolve properly and instead becomes filled with fluid forming a cyst. Most of the time these cysts go away rather quickly and without any medical attention.

On the other hand a complex ovarian cyst can be more dangerous and have painful side effects as well. These cysts are not just filled with fluid but have other components such as skin cells or uterine lining cells as well. If these cysts grow too large it is possible for the ovary to rupture, which can lead to danger for the woman as well as infertility. These cysts are often times painful and have more to do with hormones affecting the body than anything else. They aren’t really the problem but are more of a symptom of an underlying problem.

If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst you should talk to your doctor to see what type of cyst it is. Knowing what type of ovarian cyst you have can better prepare you for treatment options.

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