A blanket term that may describe the different forms of mental illnesses that result from fear and anxiety is known as anxiety disorders. During the end of the 19th century, anxiety disorders were recognized to be a psychiatric condition that needs proper intervention for the welfare of the patient. There are four aspects of experiences that substantially cover the term anxiety disorder, which include physical symptoms, physical tension, mental apprehension and dissociative anxiety. To understand the broad meaning of the said disorder, it is divided into five types, namely phobic disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The phobic disorder is known to be the largest category because it involves different cases of fear and anxiety commonly triggered by a situation or a stimulus, be it objective or subjective. Statistics have concluded that 5 to 12 percent of individuals all over the world suffer from phobic disorder. When a phobic disorder is produced out of fear, it is diagnosed to be an anxiety disorder.
A person is said to suffer from a panic disorder if he or she suffers from symptoms like apprehension and intense terror. It is known to be marked with physical symptoms like difficulty of breathing, shaking, trembling, confusion, nausea and dizziness. The person with this type of disorder develops fear that is constant because of the anxious thought and constant worries about when the next attack will occur.
GAD or generalized anxiety disorder is the most common among all types, and it is being characterized by an anxiety that is long-lasting. The person that has a generalized anxiety disorder is said to get worried and feel fear in a non- specific manner and has serious concerns with everyday matters. The things that make a person worry include problems with family, work, money, health, and school, among others.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is another type of anxiety disorders that makes a person trapped in an endless cycle of constantly repeated behaviors or thoughts. People who suffer from OCD have plagued distressed thoughts, images (obsessions) and fears that they cannot control. The anxiety they feel is the factor that triggers them to urgently perform the routines (compulsions) and certain rituals to temporarily alleviate the anxiety that they have felt.
Last is the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that’s also known as the shell shock, which is evident in people who have encountered a grave event or have encountered a traumatic event in their lives.
To start treating the symptoms of the anxiety you have, it is a must that you subject yourself first for assessment to know which specific type you are suffering from.
Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are needed because they are the most crucial clinical point that will immensely benefit the person who is suffering from an anxiety disorder. Interventions that are given must concentrate on lifestyle changes, behavioral therapy and psychotherapy. Address the problem that you have, and seek professional help as soon as possible. Anxiety may be troubling, but you can always do something to prevent it from overpowering your life.